Transnational Environmental Crime Project: Black trade, criminal networks and enforcement responses conference 14 March, 2014The TEC project at ANU, funded by the Australian Research Council and the Australian Government's Department of the Environment (DoE) under the ARC Linkage Scheme is nearing its three-year milestone. We are therefore delighted to announce the dates for our next conference. This will provide an opportunity for members of the research team to report their research findings against the three project themes:
- understanding the ways in which environmental commodities that are either sourced illegally or destined for illegal markets are traded;
- understanding the organisational and asset structures of criminal networks involved in TEC; and
- understanding the strengths, weaknesses and challenges of policy and operational law enforcement responses.
New book release for former TEC Project VF Dr Tanya WyattThe TEC Project would like to congratulate former TEC Project Visiting Fellow Dr Tanya Wyatt on the release of her new book Wildlife Trafficking: A Deconstruction of the Crime, the Victims, and the Offenders (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
Brown Crime: Hazardous Waste and Pollution Conference, ESRC Green Criminology Research Seminar Series, University of NorthumbriaProf. Lorraine Elliott and Julie Ayling attended a one day workshop convened by Dr Tanya Wyatt under the auspices of the ESRC Green Criminology Research Seminar Series. This particular workshop focused on the economic, political and social implications of toxic environments associated with 'brown crime' and the emerging black markets in waste and prohibited products. Lorraine explored recent TEC Project findings in a presentation entitled Markets, opportunities and pollutants: smuggling networks and the black market in ozone depleting substances.
Journal publication for TEC co-Chief Investigator Julie AylingThe TEC Project team is delighted to announce the recent publication of Julie Ayling's working paper, 'Harnessing Third Parties for Transnational Environmental Crime Prevention', Transnational Environmental Law, 2(2), 2013, pp. 339-362. Anyone requiring a copy of this journal article can email the TEC Project firstname.lastname@example.org or Julie directly at email@example.com
CI Julie Ayling attends European Society of Criminology (Eurocrim 2013), 4-7 September 2013'I recently had the privilege of attending the European Society of Criminology conference, held in Budapest in glorious autumnal weather. Over three and a half days, more than a thousand delegates were treated to hundreds of presentations on topics relating to crime and justice, including some inspirational keynote addresses from well-known criminologists such as David Garland. The Environmental Crime session, in which I presented on 'Harnessing third parties for transnational environmental crime' (see the Project's publications page), contained several interesting papers covering European environmental crime problems and European legal and policy approaches. Further sessions were also held on green criminology. Relative to other crimes, transnational environmental crime remains understudied by criminologists, mirroring its long neglect by governments. Events like those in Budapest will hopefully be able to inspire more interest among criminologists in researching TEC and assisting authorities to find workable solutions, a need that is growing in urgency as the environmental, social and economic costs of TEC continue to mount.' - Julie Ayling
Prof. Lorraine Elliott and former Visiting Fellow Dr Tanya Wyatt attend 22nd Chatham House Illegal Logging Stakeholder Consultation and Update 8 - 9 July 2013Prof. Lorraine Elliott and former Visiting Fellow Dr Tanya Wyatt both attended the 22nd Chatham House Illegal Logging Stakeholder Consultation and Update (to give it its full title). The focus of these meetings is on strategies to improve forest governance and reduce illegal logging with a particular emphasis on the European Union's efforts under its FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade) and the recently adopted EU Timber Regulations. This most recent Update also included sessions on the role of technology, the impact of other economic sectors on deforestation, and efforts to reduce illegal logging being undertaken in both producer and consumer countries. More information on Chatham House's Illegal Logging Updates can be found here: www.chathamhouse.org/events/view/191183
Dr Tanya Wyatt completes her TEC Project Visiting Fellowship'My time as a Visiting Fellow on the TEC Project was very productive. I was conducting a comparative piece of research between the nature and scope of wildlife trafficking in Australia, New Zealand and the UK. To do this, I collected all of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, CITES illegal trade data from 1975 through 2012 involving the three subject countries. This has been categorised into species, export and import countries, as well as year. Additionally, I sent out questionnaires to law enforcement and non-governmental organisations with expertise in this area. During my fellowship, I also completed a book on wildlife trafficking titled Wildlife Trafficking: A Deconstruction of the Crime, the Victims, and the Offenders, which will be available in November. Many thanks to Lorraine, Sophie and Julie for the support and time to write and to conduct the research and particular thanks to Mike Dore for all his help and enthusiasm.' - Tanya Wyatt
New TEC Project visiting fellow appointedThe TEC Project team welcome Greta McLeod as the third DSEWPaC Visiting Fellow, sponsored by our project partner organisation the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC). Greta will be exploring the challenges of responding to illegal trade in HCFCs, an issue that the United Nations Environment Programme has identified as an important problem for governments and one that could threaten compliance with the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer. Greta will begin her Visiting Fellowship in September.
Prof. Elliott, Prof. Rose and Grant Pink attend 22nd session of the United Nations
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ)
The United Nations held the 22nd session of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in Vienna on 22-26 April 2013. The thematic debate for the 2013 session focused on the challenges posed by emerging forms of crime that have a significant impact on the environment and ways to deal with it effectively. Professor Lorraine Elliott represented the ANU’s TEC Project through her attendance as part of the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS) delegation. Prof. Rose attended in his capacity as a member of the WWF delegation. Former TEC Visiting Fellow Grant Pink was part of the official Australian delegation which was led by the Transnational Crime and Treaties Section within the Australian Attorney-General’s Department. All three Project members delivered presentations during the session. A more detailed report will be included in the next newsletter. For more information visit www.unodc.org/unodc/en/commissions/CCPCJ/
Prof Lorraine Elliott and TEC Project Team members attend the 22nd meeting of the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Vienna, 22-26 April 2013Prof Lorraine Elliott and Prof Greg Rose both attended the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ) meeting, Lorraine as a member of the Academic Council on the United Nations System observer delegation and Greg as a member of the WWF observer delegation. Project team member and former Visiting Fellow Grant Pink, also, attended as a member of the official Australian delegation which was led by the Attorney General's Department. The meeting agenda included a formal thematic debate on the challenge posed by emerging forms of crime that have a significant impact on the environment (or environmental crime for short) and a number of well attended side-events on the same topic. Both Lorraine and Greg made presentations at side events, offering an opportunity not only to contribute to discussions but also to showcase the work of the TEC Project. Lorraine was a participant on a side-event on Tackling environmental crimes: from research to policy change. Greg's presentation was part of the side-event on A new approach to addressing Marine Living Resource Crime. As a member of the Australian delegation, Grant Pink contributed to the Committee of the Whole's workshop on environmental crime on the first day of the meeting. More on the CCPCJ meeting can be found www.unodc.org/unodc/en/commissions/CCPCJ/session/22.html
TEC Project team members visit TRAFFIC Southeast Asia, Malaysia 1-5 April 2013
TEC Project Director and Chief-Investigator Professor Lorraine Elliott and Project Research Assistant Sophie Saydan recently visited the TRAFFIC Southeast Asia office in Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.
The purpose of the visit was to access the resources of the TRAFFIC library in order to conduct further research into the illegal wildlife trade and the nature of criminal involvement in that trade. During their visit they were able to source a wide variety of materials. Prof. Elliott and Sophie Saydan also met with some of the TRAFFIC project officers and investigators to discuss current trends in the illegal wildlife trade and to gain an improved understanding of the effectiveness of existing law enforcement efforts to counter it. We would like to extend our thanks to TRAFFIC Southeast Asia Regional Director Dr William Schaedla and his wonderful team for their guidance and support during this visit.
Journal publication for TEC co-chief investigator
The TEC Project team is delighted to announce the recent publication of TEC co-Chief Investigator Julie Ayling’s working paper ‘What Sustains Wildlife Crime? Rhino Horn Trading and the Resilience of Criminal Networks’, in the Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy, 16(1), 2013, pp. 57-80. Anyone requiring a copy of this journal article can email the TEC project firstname.lastname@example.org or Julie directly at email@example.com
Transnational Environmental Crime (TEC) Project workshop
The Transnational Environmental Crime Project convened a one day workshop which provided an opportunity to showcase some of the Project’s research and interim findings. Support was provided by the Department of International Relations at the Australian National University (ANU) and the project partner organisation the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC). In their opening addresses, both Professor Elliott (ANU) and Dr Kimberley Dripps (DSEWPaC) highlighted the importance of partnerships between government agencies, academia and research institutions. They also emphasised the importance of mapping and analysing existing practices in the combatting of transnational environmental crime activities.
Presentations were delivered by two of the Project’s Chief Investigators – Professor Lorraine Elliott and Ms Julie Ayling; by the first two partner organisation Visiting Fellows, Grant Pink and Dr Dylan Horne; and by Dr Tanya Wyatt from the University of Northumbria in the UK who has joined the TEC Project as a Visiting Fellow for semester 1, 2013. These individual presentations were followed by a practitioner panel convened by DSEWPaC’s Grant Pink and Deb Callister which focused on providing an update of recent activity by Interpol and AELERT (the Australasian Environmental Law Enforcement and Regulators NeTwork) and approaches to the 16th CITES Conference of Parties scheduled for 3-14 March 2013. A workshop report is currently being prepared and will be made available on the TEC website shortly.
Transnational Environmental Crime (TEC) Project workshop February 13 2013
The Transnational Environmental Crime (TEC) Project team invite you to attend the TEC Workshop, to be held in Canberra on Wednesday, February 13 at the Australian National University. The workshop will be an opportunity to showcase some of the project's research and interim findings. More information about the workshop and a copy of the program can be found on at Events .
Milestone for TEC Project PhD student
Yunbo Jiao, who holds an Australian Postgraduate Award (Industry) with the TEC Project, successfully completed his thesis proposal review in November. His research examines transnational environmental crime in China and adjacent territories through the lens of network theory. It seeks to advance our understanding of the transnational, networked, criminal activity surrounding environmental crime in three sectors - wildlife trafficking, the illegal timber trade and the black market in ozone depleting substances. His geographic focus is China, Macao, Hong Kong and Taiwan as centres of demand, supply and trans-shipment. Yunbo's research will also examine strategies for effective enforcement responses.
Dr. Tanya Wyatt appointed as next TEC Project visiting fellow
Dr Tanya Wyatt from Northumbria University in Newcastle, UK joins the TEC Project as a Visiting Fellow in 2013. She is a green criminologist who will contribute to the conceptual framework of the project particularly from her previous research into the nature and extent of transnational criminal networks’ involvement in wildlife trafficking and other environmental crimes. Tanya will also be exploring the regulatory structures governing wildlife trade in Australia and New Zealand for a comparative study with the UK. This will help to fill gaps in knowledge about how and why particular regulatory environments may be more conducive to wildlife trafficking than others. This too will assist the TEC Project as it addresses the third theme which focuses on mapping and analysing existing transnational and intergovernmental practices in the areas of policy-making, compliance and enforcement.
Transnational Environmental Crime Project - working paper 2/2012
We are delighted to announce the recent publication of the TEC Project's Working Paper 2/2012 'What Sustains Wildlife Crime? Rhino Horn Trading And The Resilience Of Criminal Networks' by TEC Project co-Chief Investigator Julie Ayling.
Second TEC Project visiting fellow completes his secondment
Dylan Horne recently completed his secondment to the ANU and has returned to his role at the project’s partner organisation, the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Community (DSEWPaC). Dylan’s research focused on policy responses to transnational wildlife crime (TWC) in the Asia-Pacific region. It involved three main aspects: summarising existing policy responses from a sample group of six countries, summarising existing knowledge and theory to determine a potential set of optimal or ideal TWC policy responses, and then conducting a preliminary assessment to identify potential improvements to existing policy responses.
When asked about his visiting fellowship, he said ‘undertaking the VF was a great experience and I am grateful to have had the opportunity to contribute to ANU’s research. It definitely gave me new knowledge and perspectives that I can take back to my work at DSEWPaC. More broadly, though, it became clear to me that academia is generating a vast amount of important knowledge that could be applied to the work of government departments. I think the only way to realise the potential benefits of this would be to build closer relationships between the two.’
Dylan’s research findings will be delivered in two working papers that will be available on the TEC website in the near future. He also hopes to present this research at a seminar at the ANU early next year.
CI's working paper attracts global media attention
The recent publication of TEC Project co-Chief Investigator Julie Ayling’s working paper, ‘What Sustains Wildlife Crime? Rhino Horn Trading and the Resilience of Criminal Networks’, has attracted much interest with international multimedia broadcasting service Voice of America (VoA) interviewing Julie and subsequently quoting her work in two of the news stories they produced on the illegal trade in ivory and rhino horn. These news items can be sourced from the VoA website and Bad Medicine: Rhino Horn Consumers Risk Death
INTERPOL ECC promotion for former visiting fellow Grant Pink
Grant Pink, TEC Project’s inaugural Visiting Fellow and Director of the Regulatory Practice Section within the Compliance and Enforcement Branch of the project’s partner organisation, DSEWPaC, was recently promoted to the position of Vice-Chair within INTERPOL’s Environmental Crime Committee (ECC). The ECC recently streamlined its four executive member committee to the three positions of Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson and Secretary and this has resulted in Grant’s promotion to the position of Vice-Chair. Congratulations Grant.
TEC Project members attend Australian National Environmental Crime Summit
TEC Project co-Chief Investigator Ms. Julie Ayling and Project Research Assistant Sophie Saydan attended the recent Australian National Environmental Crime Summit held in Canberra on 11 July, 2012. The summit was co-hosted by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Populations and Communities (DSEWPaC) and the Australian Federal Police through its Interpol Desk (INTERPOL Canberra) together with INTERPOL’s Environment Crime Programme and was a follow up event from the 1st National Environmental Crime Summit held in February 2012. Addressing the delegates were Ms Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary for DSEWPaC, along with Deputy Commissioner (Operations) Andrew Colvin of the Australian Federal Police; and David Higgins, Manager of INTERPOL’s Environmental Crime Programme. The purpose of the summit was to identify environmental security needs, capacities, and priorities and to develop strategies for combating environmental crime at the national level. In addition to bringing together key decision-makers and experts from Australian national and sub-national agencies responsible for ensuring environmental compliance and enforcement and/or national agencies that support national or international capacity building in this field, the February and July summits (and the TEC Project itself) highlight the growing collaboration between regulators and academic research institutions.
New TEC Project visiting fellow appointed
Dr. Dylan Horne has been appointed as the second Visiting Fellow attached to the Transnational Environmental Crime (TEC) Project. His Visiting Fellowship is due to begin on August 6th. Dr. Horne was nominated by the project Partner Organisation, the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Community (DSEWPaC) as part of the VF scheme which enables officers from DSEWPaC to spend three months at the ANU on full salary. Dr. Horne will undertake research on the broader policy context in which compliance and enforcement strategies are adopted. This will contribute to our understanding of the conditions for successful operational responses to deal with transnational environmental crime, with a particular focus on Australian efforts to respond to cross-border crimes of this kind.
Visiting fellow attends 1st International Chiefs of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Summit in Lyon, 27-29 March
Mr. Grant Pink attended the 1st International Chiefs of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Summit in Lyon, 27-29 March, 2012, in his capacity as Director of the Regulatory Compliance Policy and Practice Section within the Environment Assessment and Compliance Division of DSEWPaC. Grant accompanied Ms. Kimberley Dripps, Deputy Secretary of DSEWPaC. The summit was designed to bring together the national chiefs and heads of government departments/agencies that are responsible for environmental compliance and enforcement. This was an unprecedented gathering of high level government officials in order for them to discuss, design, direct and decide upon the strategic and tactical deployment on national and international resources and financial investment dedicated to international environmental compliance and enforcement. Information regarding the Summit’s theme and agenda can be found at International Chiefs of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement
National Environmental Enforcement Summit 29 February 2012
The inaugural Australian National Environmental Enforcement Summit (the National Summit) was held on 29 February 2012 in Canberra. The National Summit was co-hosted by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC) and Australia’s National Central Bureau (the Australian Federal Police) principally through its INTERPOL Desk. Support for the event was also provided by the Australasian Law Enforcement and Regulators neTwork (AELERT) and the Transnational Environmental Crime (TEC) Project which is based in the Australian National University.
Visiting fellow elected to INTERPOL’s Environmental Crime Committee
The TEC Project is delighted to announce that during the recent INTERPOL Environmental Crime meetings in Bangkok, Grant Pink was elected to INTERPOL’s Environmental Crime Committee. Mr. Pink, who is also Director of the Regulatory Compliance Policy and Practice Section within the Environment Assessment and Compliance Division of the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC) is one of four executive officers (Australia, Canada, South Africa and USA) on the committee who will provide executive leadership and organisational skills to support the work of INTERPOL’s Environment Crime Programme and its associated environmental crime working groups. For more information visit INTERPOL and its environmental crime
The 12th Meeting of the Asia Regional Partner’s Forum on Combating Environmental Crime (ARPEC) 17 February 2012
Professor Elliott and Mr. Grant Pink also attended the 12th ARPEC meeting in Bangkok, Thailand, where Professor Elliott also presented. This meeting was attended by government, non-government and academic delegates and focused on mapping and quantifying illegal trade of environmentally sensitive commodities. More information about ARPEC is available at United Nations Environment Programme
INTERPOL environmental crime working groups meetings in Bangkok, 13-17 February 2012 attended by Professor Elliott and Grant Pink
Professor Lorraine Elliott and Visiting Fellow Mr. Grant Pink attended INTERPOL's 23rd Meeting of the Wildlife Crime Working Group and 17th Meeting of the Pollution Crime Working Group held jointly, from 13-17 February 2012, in Bangkok, Thailand. The Working Groups saw presentations, including one by Professor Elliott, and involved discussions with stakeholders on how to better brand and market INTERPOL's Environmental Crime Programme, the projects and environmental enforcement accomplishments.
Project team meets with Australia's National Central Bureau (INTERPOL Canberra)
Visiting Fellow Mr. Grant Pink and Project Research Assistant Sophie Saydan held discussions today with Mr. Rob Blount, Team Leader, Australian Federal Police (AFP) INTERPOL-EUROPOL Desk. Discussions surrounded planning for the Australian National Environmental Enforcement Summit to be held in February 2012. The National Summit will be a precursor to the 1st International Chiefs of Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Summit to be held at INTERPOL Headquarters in Lyon, France 27-29 March 2012.
INTERPOL's David Higgins meets with TEC Project team members
Mr. David Higgins, INTERPOL's Environmental Crime Programme (IECP) Manager, met with TEC Project Visiting Fellow Mr. Grant Pink and Project Research Assistant Sophie Saydan on 9 December 2011. The purpose of Mr. Higgins's visit was to provide him with a more detailed briefing of the Project and its synergies and linkages to the work of the IECP in the lead up to the series of Interpol Environmental Crime Working Group meetings in Bangkok in February 2012.
Project team members to attend the INTERPOL environmental crime working groups meetings 13-17 February 2012
Professor Elliott and TEC Project Visiting Fellow Grant Pink will attend the stakeholders meeting of the23rd Wildlife Crime Working Group and the 17th Pollution Crime Working Group to be held 13-17 February 2012 in Bangkok.
TEC Project team members attend the 8th Australasian Environmental Law Enforcement and Regulators neTwork (AELERT) Conference in Darwin 26-28 October 2011
Chief Investigators Professor Lorraine Elliott and Professor Greg Rose, with Sophie Saydan (Project Research Assistant) attended this year's AELERT conference . Professor Elliott delivered a paper that outlined the research purposes of the TEC Project with a particular focus on understanding criminal networks. Professor Rose presented a paper on 'Illegally harvested Indonesian timber imported into Australia: targeting the proceeds of crime'.
First TEC Project visiting fellow appointed
The partnership between the Department of International Relations and the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC)includes a commitment by DSEWPaC to support five of its staff members to take up short-term visiting fellowships at the ANU to work as part of the TEC Project team. Grant Pink, Director of the Regulatory Compliance Policy and Practice Section within the Environment Assessment and Compliance Division of DSEWPaC, has been appointed to the first of these visiting fellowships. He will be based at the ANU from November 2011 to February 2012.
Inaugural TEC conference held 15 September 2011
The Department of International Relations at the ANU hosted the first TEC conference on 15 September 2011 which brought together speakers from within Australia and overseas, and from the policy, enforcement, NGO and academic community. Over the course of a day and a half, the speakers and participants explored the nature and extent of criminal involvement in wildlife smuggling and timber trafficking, evaluated policy and enforcement responses in these fields as well as in the black market in ozone depleting substances (ODS) and other regulated or prohibited chemicals, and examined the role of NGOs and compliance networks in supporting and enhancing prospects for interdiction and enforcement. For more information about the conference please go to TEC News [PDF, 967KB]
Transnational Environmental Crime Project officially launched 19 July 2011
The TEC Project was officially launched on Tuesday 19 July at the Australian National University.The project launch attracted national and international attention, with links on the Interpol Environmental Crime Programme website INTERPOL and on the website of the Australasian Environmental Law Enforcement and Regulators neTwork ( AELERT). For more information go to TEC News [PDF, 967KB]